Immunix ISP Appliance Server
Package Release Notes

Release: 2.0.2 (15 June 2001)

The Immunix ISP Appliance Server is WireX's product for ISPs who wish to supply servers to their customers. This includes WireX's Remote Network Administrator (RNA) software, a web-based administration tool for end customers to administrate their own domains. Its management is simple and intuitive, but scalable to a wide range of expertise and technical requirements.

The initial 1.0 release was a fully functional virtual hosting server that provided both web and mail services that work with multiple domains. This 2.0 release expands on the services by including full Domain Name Service (DNS) support. This service can be used by novice clients unfamiliar with traditional DNS services as well as by experienced network administrators (see the Features section below for details).

This document describes technical information about this product release (including bug fixes from the previous release). It is expected that the user has a copy of the "Installation and User's Guide" for directions on using this product.

About the 2.0.2 Release. Some minor bug fixes have been fixed since the 2.0.0 release and the following improvements:

Keep in mind these Release Notes describe the general 2.0 features and enhancements, however, the bug fixes only describe the fixes for the latest 2.0.2 release. This way, users will not have to have copies of earlier release notes for information on features.

Major Features

This release includes new functionality and bug fixes (see the Bugs section for the list of open closed and workaround bugs). This section lists the improvements and features for this product.

DNS Service

RNA Integration with DNS services is the major feature enhancement for this release. Our approach to creating an administrative interface to DNS is somewhat novel because we do not assume the client user has prior DNS-specific knowledge. We expect that ISPs will be renting these servers to clients that know the concepts associated with DNS, but want to be able to administer their own domains without resorting to requesting help from their ISP system administrators.

The client user only needs to adjust their Preferences Level from simple to expert to increase his/her control over the DNS service, as well as increase the complexity of the product.

You will find all DNS settings under the Services | DNS Server. The first section of the menu items under this heading allow the user to create and manage DNS Domains, e.g. "Add Domain". Normally, when adding a domain, you can create some entries for individual hosts within the domain. Later, you can go under the Edit Domain Hosts menu item to further manage domain-specific hosts entries.

Keep in mind that doing any DNS domain work only affects the name resolution for domains. You must also set up a web or email server to answer requests for that domain. For instance, once you create a DNS entry for the domain, with a host of that points to the server,, you will need to to log onto the server and set up a virtually hosted web domain for if you want the web pages to display when someone enters http:\\ in their browser.

Limited MySQL Database Support

This release includes MySQL built to work with our version of Apache and PHP. This database server is automatically installed, but does not automatically run. There is no RNA interface support for MySQL in this release, so it must also be manually configured in order for applications to access and work with it (see the Support section below for details on how to log onto the box for database configuration).

Web services, such as PHP, JSP and CGIs, all have access to this version of MySQL. To access the database server from each of these services, you first need to create a database and a role account (a type of database user) with a password that has access to the created database. This information will be necessary when creating CGI, PHP and JSP scripts.

Perl CGI. When building CGI's to access MySQL, you will need to use the DBI/DBD modules, for instance:

	use DBI;
        $dsn = "DBI::mSQL::database=datebase_name;host=localhost";
        $dbh = DBI->connect($dsn, "rolename", "password");
	$sth = $dbh->prepare("SELECT * FROM foo WHERE blah...");

PHP. PHP supports MySQL directly, so embedded scripts with commands like the following will work:

	$db = mysql_connect("localhost", "rolename", "password");
	$result = mysql_query("SELECT * FROM employees",$db);

Java Servlets and JSPs. A level 4 JDBC driver to access the MySQL server is included. This can be used by creating Java commands like the following:

	Connection con = DriverManager.getConnection("jdbc:mysql://localhost/database_name", 
				"rolename", "password");
	Statement stmt = con.createStatement();
	ResultSet rset = stmt.executeQuery("Select * from employees");

Tomcat 3.2.1 Upgrade

This release also includes the most recent production release of Tomcat, a Java servlet and JSP engine from the Apache Organization.

Installation Instructions

To install the Immunix ISP Appliance Server operating system, refer to the Installation and Getting Started Guide. But simply booting off of the supplied CD will erase the computer's hard disks and install the server appliance software. No interaction is required at this time.

Note: During installation, an erroneous message displays stating that turning on user and group Disk Quotas fails because it cannot find the appropriate directory. You can ignore this message because the quotas are set up appropriately.

After installation, you should log into the Console in order to initially configure the network settings. This is done using a monitor or keyboard connected to the standard ports. The console is accessible via a null-modem cable connected to first serial port as well (see the Installation and Getting Started Guide for details). The account name is root and the password is wirex.

A series of dialog boxes will be displayed. Answer the questions requested to set up the server's network as well as changing the root password and setting up the date and time.

After going through the "Console" instructions, you should now be able to use a standard web browser, for example, Internet Explorer or Netscape Navigator, to connect to the box.

The following are necessary to use the RNA software:

Follow these steps to access the Remote Network Administrator (RNA):

  1. Go to a computer on the same network as the previously setup RNAEngine Immunix ISP Appliance Server.

  2. Using the IP address that you established during the installation of the product, type the following into the Address or Location field in the browser. Remember to replace "system-name" with the IP address used.

Although this connection is not secure there is a small redirection script listening on port 6080 that redirects the browser to the secured port:



Open Bugs with Workarounds

The following is the current list of known bugs. All known bugs have workarounds.

Bug ID: 1592
When using the "console" program, the user can leave the address field blank. This signifies that the program should attempt to query a DHCP server for an address. This should never be done to a machine that is connected directly to the Internet.

When the "console" program attempts set up the network settings, it will error out when no DHCP server is available, and require the user to re-enter the network settings.

Workaround: This is just a warning. The program will not allow itself to be configured incorrectly.
Bug ID: 1477
The product sets up a "direct-connection console" on the first serial port. However, the kernel is sometimes unable to detect the serial port settings (like IRQ) on some hardware. This causes the kernel to output the following warning message:

        ID s1 respawning too fast disabling for 5 minutes.

When this software is released to an OEM directly, we will configure the software to work on their specific hardware. (This bug is simply a problem with auto-detecting generic hardware).

Workaround: To get rid of these warnings on your demo, follow these steps:
  1. Log into the Console (see Support below)
  2. At the menu, select L for a Linux Shell
  3. At the prompt, type setserial /dev/ttyS0 irq # port # uart # baud_rate +38400
    Where the # characters are the following:
    1. The IRQ for the first serial port (i.e. 4)
    2. The I/O Port (i.e. 0x03f8)
    3. The UART (i.e. 16550A)
    For instance: setserial /dev/ttyS0 irq 4 port 0x03f8 uart 16550A baud_rate 38400
Bug ID: 1525
For users who are upgrading from either the ISP 1.0 release or the ISP 2.0 beta release, there is a small bug that makes some users unable to log into the RNA.

Workaround: After upgrading your system, connect to the box (see the Support section below) and execute the following command:

perl -p -i -e 's/^password=.*$/password=/;' /home/web/wirex/rna/WEB-INF/users/*.user
Bug ID: 1549
If a user creates multiple host entries with the same name, i.e. the host mail resolves to both and, removing one of the particular entries is not intuitive, as the list contains two like entries to select from. In any event, both are removed if either one is selected for removal.

Workaround: There is no workaround. The user will end up deleting both entries and then have to manually re-enter one of them. This bug will be fixed in the next release.
Bug ID: 1557
If a user creates a backup of their domains, and then reinstalls the appliance and attempt to restore the original domains, they will receive an error:
	usermod: unknown group 1003 Use of uninitialized value in
	concatenation (.) at /home/web/wirex/rna/WEB-INF/perl/
	line 673. must specify a domain
Workaround: A complete "System" level backup must be restored prior to restoring an individual (or group) of domains.

Bugs Fixed since Last Release

The following are a list of all bugs fixed since the previous release. For details on any of the following, please contact your WireX sales representative.

ID Severity State Summary
1339 FeatureClosedRNA does not render correctly under Netscape 6 (Mozilla)
1354 FeatureClosedServices that stop, fail to get restarted.
1382 NormalClosedlinux limits users to 32 groups, which means 32 domains
1418 NormalClosedNullPointerException in RNA Help System
1429 NormalClosedthe verify=ipaddress will allow a ip address formatted like 10.0.0. this is not a good ip address
1434 NormalClosedthe latest-logins page truncates hostnames longer than 16 chars
1470 NormalClosedntop doesn't display any network traffic
1475 MajorClosedNeed DHCP error notification in console, when server does not respond
1477 NormalOpenDirect serial connection is setup even if serial port settings are incorrect
1480 NormalClosedusers can use chfn to insert html into /etc/passwd, breaking rna functionality
1483 NormalClosedEdit domain allows selection of the reverse, but fails when edited
1485 NormalClosedDefault hostmaster address for a domain uses "." instead of "@"
1489 NormalClosednamed.conf contains invalid "allow query" line
1490 NormalClosedzone for domain added not being loaded in named.conf
1491 NormalClosedDNS forms allow creation of host that matches previously created alias
1494 MajorClosedchanging the root password through the rna can cause password synchroniztion problems if a user later changes the password via the command shell
1496 MinorClosedList domains has column for master IP even when domain is master
1499 NormalClosedRNA does not correctly report status when performing a zone transfer
1500 NormalClosedall required fields need to be available even in simple mode
1501 FeatureClosedDomain information should list server aliases
1502 NormalClosedServer name aliases text box too small
1503 NormalClosedAvoiding wizard headaches
1504 NormalClosedxfs not disabled
1513 NormalClosedHelp system bringing up incorrect help doc (seemingly randomly)
1514 FeatureClosedWant a "Add Domain Admin" under Shortcuts
1515 MinorClosedSystem|Network|Virtual Host IPs menu retooling
1516 MinorClosedAdding an IP-based virtual host is not intuitive.
1517 NormalClosedForm title when upgrading appliance is "Thanks" -this doesn't make sense
1518 MinorClosedWeb and Email should default to "on" when adding a new virtual domain.
1523 needs to be aware of multiple nics
1524 NormalClosedlogin screen doesn't pick up new language selection until after first login attempt
1525 NormalOpenUsers upgrading to ISP 2.0 must remove the password entries from the user files
1527 NormalClosedtomcat_wirex restart upon network setup via rna, even when no changes made
1528 NormalClosedSmall hyphens appear under rna menu icons when menu opened
1530 NormalClosedRNA menu does not automatically scroll down to active menu when expanded
1531 NormalClosedHelp for "Serving Web Pages" contains reference to webwriters group
1532 MinorOpenList of Users does not display actual user name
1533 NormalClosedTomcat_wirex restarts automatically upon restore (from backup)
1534 NormalClosedAdmin user does not have a change password option upon login
1535 CriticalClosedmissing icons in RNA
1536 NormalClosedFTP transfer log for domains not logging correctly
1537 NormalClosedRe-enabled virtual domains are not really re-enabled
1538 NormalClosedDynamic domain menus will not expand
1540 NormalCloseda field "name" is translatable in the script
1541 NormalClosedDNS complains of pre-existing domain if multiple hosts share IP
1542 NormalClosedGlobal vs. Domain Frontpage issues
1543 NormalClosedcreate domain validation error
1544 NormalClosedReceive error when activating a disabled domain
1545 NormalClosedEditing a domain user as admin, user's full name appears as "root"
1546 NormalClosedWhen a zone transfer fails, junk files are left in /var/named
1547 NormalClosedConsole date/time does not take into account daylight savings time.
1548 NormalClosedReceive error when restoring a domain
1549 NormalOpenDuplicate host records created are not deleted logically
1550 NormalClosedBoth the DocumentRoot and Documentation links broken on index.html
1551 MinorOpenHelp system contains many duplicate files, needs cleaning
1552 NormalClosedBacking up then restoring a domain breaks all email functionality for the domain
1553 FeatureClosedFeature request: Domain users menu for admin needs "List Users" option
1554 NormalClosedWhen creating a domain, entering multiple server aliases creates an error
1555 NormalClosedrestored domains show quota error on the info screen
1556 NormalClosed/etc/issue not being displayed correctly after appliance install
1557 NormalOpenDomain backup will not correctly restore domain on new clean system
1558 NormalClosedSystem user's email forwarding does not seem to work correctly
1560 NormalClosedwhen changing root password password should show up as ******
1561 NormalClosedworkaround for default (catchall) aliasing issue
1568 NormalClosedFrontPage does not have access to the main web page, index.html
1569 NormalClosedJava log is empty after turning on Java Servlets
1570 NormalClosedDomain disappears when zone transfer fails when changing from master to slave.
1571 NormalClosedCan only edit "localhost" after zone transfer from
1572 NormalClosedlist dns host doesn't show dhcp entries.
1573 NormalClosedadding host and saying that you're authoritative makes domain lists wrong.
1574 NormalClosedafter setting up domain defaults, domain security not used.
1577 NormalClosedCannot ftp to virtual domain as domain owner


This section contains information concerning the following:

Disk Quotas

Disk quotas assigned to virtual domains currently only apply to web content and files owned by domain users. They do not apply to mail usage or to any other files created by the domain owner.

Limitations on the Virtual Domain System

A domain owner is limited to only owning 30 domains. If you assign more than 30 domains to a user, an error message will appear. This does not make the domain unusable, but there could possibly be unpredictable behavior. This limitation is due to a fundamental limitation of the Linux operating system, which limits a user to belonging to a maximum of 32 system groups. Since virtual domains are identified by their system group, a domain owner is limited to only 30 domains (the other two are taken up by default system groups which identify the user as a domain owner).

Notes for Using the Mail System:

Refer to the Install and Getting Started Guide for detailed information about setting up email for your system.

  1. IMAP clients: The mail server does not let IMAP clients create folders at the same level as the INBOX. Please create any folders as sub-folders of the INBOX. In order for this to work correctly with Outlook Express, edit your server properties. There will be an entry there for the IMAP server account that you entered. Click on it, then choose "Properties". Click on "Advanced". Enter "INBOX" (without the quotes) in the "Root folder path" field, and make sure that "Only show subscribed folders" is NOT checked. This functionality should work in Netscape Messenger 4.x with no additional configuration.

  2. IMAP clients: The IMAP server uses a period (.) to seperate subfolders. So, if you create a folder called "some.stuff", the server will create a folder called "some" with a subfolder of "stuff". For this reason, you should not use periods in your folder names.

  3. Domain users with shell access via ssh can not use command line mail clients (such as pine or mutt) to read their mail, unless those clients use IMAP or POP3 to grab the mail. All domain mail is kept in a secure section of the server which can only be accessed by root.

Notes on the Backup System

Refer to the Install and Getting Started Guide for detailed information about backing up and restoring your system. RNA Immunix ISP Appliance Server has two separate types of backup functions, as follows:

Under certain conditions the restore may fail due to changes made to the system after the backup has been performed that make the restored data incompatible with the system.

The following steps show an example of how a failed restore could happen:

  1. A virtual domain is created as an IP based host (say using ipaddress

  2. A domain backup is created for this domain.

  3. The domain is subsequently deleted from the system.

  4. A new domain,, is created as an IP based host and uses the same ipaddress, which is now available as the domain that was using this address previously has now been removed from the system.

  5. A domain admin selects to restore the domain An error occurs as the restoration process will attempt to configure the ipaddress that wishes to use but it is being used by


The Remote Network Adminstrator (RNA) is designed to be easy to use, and as such, it doesn't contain every possible configuration that a user may need. WireX provides the following two ways to access the underlying Linux architecture. Both methods require a user to enter the "root" password in order to login. This password defaults to wirex until this is changed.

  1. Console Shell. When you log in through the Console (using a monitor and keyboard or through a null-modem cable connected to the serial port), you will enter the server appliance Console application. Once using the program, select the "Linux Shell" option.

  2. Remote Secure Shell (SSH). You can not use telnet to access the server appliance remotely. You must use an SSH client (like PuTTY for Windows).

    If you are using PuTTY, we suggest using the following settings:

Once you are working within a shell session, you can type in Linux commands. Editors, like emacs, vi and pico are installed and can be used to edit files.

Keep in mind that most commonly used commands are accessible through the "Console" menus.


This product is being offered as a complete solution (a server appliance) and includes Immunix System7, the Remote Network Administration tool (a web-based system administration program) and some integrated services.

A complete list of packages would be beyond the scope of this document, but the following list the packages that extend what would be normally found in a standard server installation of the RedHat 7.0 distribution:

The most widely used Web server on the Internet. (Version:
Apache is a powerful, full-featured, efficient and freely-available Web server. Apache is also the most popular Web server on the Internet. Install the apache package if you need a Web server.
Development tools for the Apache Web server. (Version:
The apache-devel package contains the APXS binary and other files that you'll need to build Dynamic Shared Objects (DSOs) for Apache. If you are installing the Apache Web server, and you want to be able to compile or develop additional modules for Apache, you'll need to install this package.
Documentation for the Apache Web server. (Version:
The apache-manual package contains the complete manual and reference guide for the Apache Web server. If you need Apache documentation installed on the local machine, install this package. The information can also be found on the Web at
Java Modules Collection (Version: 1.0.10)
A collection of Java modules that include the standard extensions as well as some other useful libraries. These are all installed in /usr/local/java-mods.
HTTPS (HTTP over SSL) support for the Apache Web server. (Version:
The mod_ssl package contains mod_ssl 2.6.6, the server module that adds SSL support to the Apache Web server. If you need a secure web server, install this package and read http://localhost/manual/mod/mod_ssl/ for documentation about how to configure the SSL support.
Perl Module Collection (Version: 1.0.8)
Perl modules that include commonly used modules not included in the base Perl package. These modules include XML parsers, password generators and date parsing routines that can be used by CGI programs (as well as the RNA and Unconsolable Engines).
Remote Network Administrator (RNA) (Version: 1.0.30)
The WireX Remote Network Adminstration (RNA) engine that serves as the framework for configuration of the WireX appliance modules and components.
Anonymous FTP extension to the RNA (Version: 1.0.8)
A system extension to the standard RNA that adds anonymous FTP support.
RNA Extension for the Apache Web Server. (Version: 1.0.14)
Scripts and configuration files for extending the RNA to configure and administrate a standard Apache web server. This works with the Apache RPM included with Immunix System 7 or RedHat 7.0 (It is not compatible with previous Apache releases).
Courier Mail management module for the RNA (Version: 1.0.13)
RNA module to manage the courier mail server.
RNA Configuration for DNS services. (Version: 1.0.16)
RNA extension for configuring DNS services.
RNA Initialization (Version: 1.0.30)
Contains scripts and programs which are executed one-time and one-time only for the RNA. It should be run at install time, and then never again.
RNA Extension to support ISP Virtual Domain Hosting (Version: 1.0.38)
RNA extension that adds virtual domain hosting and other features to an ISP Server. It adds a "Domains" menu at the top level.
RNA Extension for Generic Networks (Version: 1.0.14)
Scripts and configuration files for extending the RNA to configure and administrate a network specifically geared to work with a single network interface card (NIC), e.g. as a departmental or workgroup server connected to an internal LAN, or as a public server connected to the Internet.
Skeleton files used by the RNA (Version: 1.0.2)
A system extension to the standard RNA that adds skeleton files used as templates by various components of the RNA.
RNA Utility and Maintenance Programs (Version: 1.0.1)
Utilities to be used for maintaining the RNA and its service configuration. This includes the program,, which is used to synchronize the Apache configuration with the LDAP repository.
Jakarta Servlet/JSP Engine (Version: 3.2.1)
Sun reference Servlet Engine for the Servlet 2.2 API. This is part of the Jakarta project, which is a joint effort between Sun and Apache. Note: Jakarta is the project, and Tomcat is the implementation.
Tomcat Installation used by WireX RNA (Version: 3.2.1)
This package is a copy of the Tomcat servlet engine wich is used exclusively to run servlets that are components of the WireX RNA.
Server Appliance Console (Version: 1.0.9)
A console shell to make the server appliance easier to use, and more like a server appliance. It contains a menu-driven interface to utilities to setup the network interface, view log files shut down the system, etc. It is useful when the RNA is not available.